Garahi fortress (Najagu) as a defensive structure

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Numerous historical monuments created by our ancestors have stood the test of time and have survived to this day. Most of them have been studied by scientists, but many monuments have been left unattended or not fully explored.

These include Najagu and Homarkirde located in Chkhorotskhu.
Our country has always had an enemy. There were no less complex attacks to repel numerous enemies, which led to the need to create defensive structures.

Defenses have existed more or less always. Even when man lived in the stone age. Our Museum presents stone tools of the stone age. With the help of such and similar tools, man drove the predators out of the cave and settled in them. The cave was both warmer and more protected, since it had to repel attacks from one side.

View from Garakha

Time has passed. The man left the cave. He built a more comfortable dwelling. The need also called for more different means of protection. People settled on a high place on a hill. Learned to make metal. The stone was first replaced with bronze, then iron.

Bronze weapons were more reliable and convenient than stone weapons and iron bronze, but weapons and courage alone were not enough. Sometimes a sudden attack required cover. Initially, these buildings were primitive. After the creation of the state, there were fortress cities with towers and fences, thanks to which a unified defense system was created.who was in the castle, warned the guards of the second castle.

It was a sign of impending danger. When this system worked properly, the country was organized to fight the enemy. If this chain was broken, the enemy attacked Garakha defense system consisted of three towers. One of the towers is currently in ruins. According to local resident Datyusha Kvartzhava, the height of the stone-covered tower was five meters from the South and half a meter from the North because of the mountain slope, which was apparently used for prisoners The upper part is 250 meters from the lower part. It is built of boulders of rivers Khobistskali and local conglomerates.

The upper tower is built high. The builders specially raised the height of the ground and compacted it. This tower was supposed to be for surveillance purposes.. On the South side, at a height of three meters, the tower has an entrance hole with a diameter of one and a half meters. The stone roof collapsed. The pitchers were buried in the floor, probably for water supply.at the end of the feudal era, when firearms with rifles and ammunition appeared, the architecture of buildings changed dramatically. The third lower part is larger than the top (10×10 m), the height is ten meters. The wall is two meters thick.

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